Pleasure is not a quality that is sweet, simple, wonderful, or even tangential. Rather, it is an existential state that all humans intensely desire, seek out, pursue, pay for---read the Bible, the Iliad, the news---and something that we will kill for and go to war for. Every nerve in our

Basics: The Bible writes that G-d created the world with ten statements of language. What is language? It is the expression of the intentionality of being through sound that is boundaried by the lips, teeth, tongue, palate, and throat. The Kabbala calls it air (ruach) circumscribed by din. The Sefer HaYetzirah speaks at length of... Read more »

In talking about cognition you need to talk about epistemology, the branch of philosophy that deals with knowledge: how do you know what you know?  We talked about the scale of cognition as ranging from skepticism on the left hand end of the scale, which posits you can